Real estate Crowdfunding
What is "crowdfunding" in real estate?
Crowdfunding is a way for businesses to get money, and it makes it easier for investors to get involved in such projects. Crowdfunding uses the Internet and social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn to find people who might be interested in investing.
Crowdfunding is based on the idea that many people are willing to put in small amounts of money, and when they do, large amounts of money can be raised quickly.
Crowdfunding lets businesses get money that they might never be able to get any other way. Crowdfunding gives investors the chance to own a piece of a business or a piece of real estate.
Crowdfunding: How It Works
In the past, equity transactions were the most common type of crowdfunding. Companies would use this method to raise money. Crowdfunding is a way for small and medium-sized businesses to get money to invest in their future, like buying equipment or building a factory.
In the past, only accredited investors could take part in equity crowdfunding. Accredited investors include banks, pension plans, insurance companies, and wealthy, knowledgeable people. To be an accredited investor, a person had to make more than $200,000 a year or have a net worth of more than $1 million.
Pros and Cons of crowdfunding
One benefit of crowdfunding is that investors don't have to put up a lot of money to join. In some cases, all it takes is $1,000 to put money into a company. Also, if the company goes public, which means they sell new shares to the public through an IPO, there could be a lot of money to be made on investments.
Putting money into a company that most people don't know much about is, of course, one of the biggest risks or cons of crowdfunding. In other words, the business doesn't have a long history of making money. Because of this, there is a chance that investors could lose everything they have invested. Given how new crowdfunding is and how there aren't any official rules about it, any team can come up with a project without the right morals or skills to handle the money they raise. You can imagine what happens next. Even if your ticket is only $1,000, you should learn as much as you can about the team behind the project.
Crowdfunding came about when the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (JOBS) was passed. This law made it possible for crowdfunding to help small and medium-sized businesses get the money they need. Since then, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has removed the rules that kept non-accredited investors from investing in crowdfunding.
Crowdfunding lets people who are not accredited investors buy and sell real estate and stocks, but there are some restrictions.
Current Real Estate Crowdfunding
Before the JOBS Act, people who wanted to invest in real estate could only buy a property or put their money into real estate investment trusts (REITs). But crowdfunding has given people a whole new way to put money into real estate.
Real estate crowdfunding is a lot like equity crowdfunding in that an investor can buy into a property and become a shareholder. The investor doesn't have to buy the whole thing. Instead, the investor can get a share of the money made from the real estate investment. For example, the investors would get any money made from renting out the building or selling it.
One of the good things about real estate crowdfunding for people who aren't accredited investors is that the minimum investments are usually not very high. Investors can sometimes buy shares in a piece of real estate for $5,000.
Also, real estate crowdfunding can help investors lower the risk of having a portfolio of stocks. In other words, real estate crowdfunding helps investors spread out their risk by not putting all of their money in the stock market.
How much people can invest in crowdsourcing
Because there are risks with any kind of crowdfunding investment, the SEC has put limits on how much non-accredited investors can invest. Here are the most you can invest with the SEC.
Not more than $107,000
If either your annual income or your net worth is less than $107,000, you can invest up to the greater of $2,200 or 5% of the lower of your annual income or net worth in any 12-month period.
If both your annual income and your net worth are at least $107,000, you can invest up to 10% of your annual income or net worth, whichever is less, but not more than $107,000, during any 12-month period.